Run and Gun Offense

Run and Gun Offense:
These are the basic principles of the Run and Gun Offense used by the Phoenix when Mike D'Antoni was their coach:

1.- Move without the ball, after the inbound, one player must be in the three-point line to make the offense and for the penetrator more convenient and facile.

2.- When the other team wants to play fast phase, 1-6 seconds after the opponent made a field goal, the inbounder and the one who catch the ball will shoot within a specific time management. It is because, the big men will be in the foe's court and even if it misses, it will still ensure defense.

3.- Pick and roll. After the big men made a screen, someone on the team must cut in the sidelines to make more room and make foe confuse.

4.- Must have 3 or 4 players who could shoot either in the three-point or in the perimeter. It creates more opportunity for a great point guard and athletic player to either score or get some foul.

5.- Offense is the best defense .

In basketball,  (external link) run and gun is a fast, freewheeling style of play that features a high number of field goal attempts that results in high-scoring games. The offense typically relies on fast breaks while placing less emphasis on set plays. A run-and-gun team typically allows a large number of points on defense as well.

In the National Basketball Association ( NBA ), run and gun was at its peak in the 1960s when teams scored an average of 115 points a game. Around 2003, the average had dropped to 95. The Boston Celtics were a run-and-gun team in the 1950s and 60s while winning 11 NBA championships, as were the five-time champion Los Angeles Lakers during their Showtime era in the 1980s.

Although the run and gun is believed by many to de-emphasize defense, those Celtics had Bill Russell and the Lakers had Kareem Abdul-Jabbar as defensive stoppers. Coach Doug Moe, who ran the run and shoot with the Denver Nuggets in the 80s, believed the high scores surrendered were more indicative of the fast pace of the game than a low level of defense. Still, his teams sometimes appeared to give up baskets in order to score one. Though his offensive strategy led to high scores, Moe's Denver teams were never adept at running fast breaks.

This is a weighted graph of ball transitions. Player nodes are sorted by decreasing degree close clockwise from the left. The thicker the red line, the more frequently that pass occurs during play. In this image from ASU School of Life Sciences presented by eBA Stats Basketball statistics Analysis .
This is a weighted graph of ball transitions across two games for the (a) Bulls, (b) Cavaliers, (c) Celtics and (d) Lakers. red edges represent transition probabilities. Player nodes are sorted by decreasing degree close clockwise from the left. The thicker the red line, the more frequently that pass occurs during play. Credit: ASU's School of Life Sciences  (external link)

Image: ASU School of Life Sciences

Paul Westhead coached the Loyola Marymount men's basketball team in the late 1980s using a version of the run and gun . While run and gun basketball is often thought of as a system of offense, Westhead's system uses a combined offensive and defensive philosophy.

Offensively, the team moves the ball forward as quickly as possible and takes the first available shot, often a three-pointer. Westhead's teams try to shoot the ball in less than seven seconds. The aim is to shoot before the defense is able to get set. Defensively, the team applies constant full-court pressure. Generally, the team is willing to gamble on giving away easy baskets for the sake of maintaining a high tempo.

Loyola Marymount successfully used the system in 1990 when they advanced to the Elite 8 of the NCAA Basketball Tournament, beating the defending champion Michigan 149-115 along the way. The style has been used at some other teams. Coach Westhead tried, rather unsuccessfully, to implement the system in the NBA with the Denver Nuggets in the early 90s. They averaged a league-best 119.9 points per game in 1990-91, but also surrendered an NBA record 130.8 points per game. They also allowed 107 points to be scored in a single half to the Phoenix Suns, which also remains an NBA record.

Westhead's system has been imitated by other college teams, including Grinnell College. Dave Arseneault, the architect of the Grinnell System, added to Westhead's system by substituting players in three waves of five players, similar to an ice hockey shift.


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